## What Is Dividend Decision?

The dividend is the amount of money paid by the company to its investors. The dividend payments are calculated as dividend per share multiply by a number of outstanding shares.

**Assignment**:

X Ltd., had 25,000 equity shares of Rs. 100 each outstanding on 1st April, the

shares are issued at par in the market, the company removed restraint in the

dividend policy, the company ready to pay dividend of Rs. 15 per share for the

current calendar year. The capitalization rate is 15%. Using MM approach assuming

that no taxes, calculate the price of the shares at the end of the year:

(a) When dividend is not declared.

(b) When dividend is declared.

(c) Find out the number of new shares that the company issues to meet its

investment needs of Rs 15,00,000 assuming that net income of Rs. 7,50,000

and assuming that the dividend is paid.

Using the MM approach, the price of the share (P1) at the end of the period will be defined as a following:

Where:

**P0** = Prevailing market price of a share **K e** = Cost of equity capital

**D1** = Dividend at the end of the first period

**Calculation price of a share at the end of the period when dividend is not declared**

If the dividends are not declared, the company hasn’t any obligation to its investors, and the dividends will be equal zero. **P1** = Rs.100 x (1+0.15)-0 = Rs.115

Price of a share at the end of the period when dividend declaration is avoided is Rs. 115.

**Calculation price of a share at the end of the period when dividend is declared**

If the dividends are declared of Rs. 15, the price of a share at the end of the period will be calculated as a following: **P1** = Rs.100 x (1+0.15)-15 = Rs.100

Price of a share at the end of the period when dividend declaration is present is Rs. 100.

**Finding out the number of new share for new investment of Rs.15,00,000**

For finding the required number of share for investment need, the formula will be used:

Where:

**M** = Number of new shares to be issued

**P1** = Price at which new issue is to be made

**I** = Amount of investment required

**X** = Net profit earned for period

**nD1** = Dividend paid for the period

**Step 1**

Using the data of requirement #b, the price of share at which new shares will be issued equals R s.100

**Step 2**

The annual dividend (D) will be calculated using the following formula:

Where:

**n** = Number of outstanding shares at April 1

**D1** = Dividend per share

**D** =25,000 x Rs.15 =Rs.3,75,000

**Step 3**

If the required investment equals Rs.15,00,000 and net income for the period is Rs.7,50,000, the number of new share for new investment (M) will be computed:

**M** = (15,00,000-(7,50,000-3,75,000))/100 = 11,25,000/100 = 11,250

The number of new share for the new investment of Rs.15,00,000 equal 11,250 shares.